Angina is chest pain or pressure caused by decreased blood flow to the heart. Pain may also be felt in the arms, jaw, or upper back.
The pain can be a signal that the heart is not getting enough oxygen. It is a sign of treatment needed to prevent a heart attack.
Angina can happen anytime, but is more common with:
- • Work, exercise, or activity
- • Eating a large meal
- • Smoking or using tobacco
- • Very hot or cold temperatures
- • Emotional or stressful events
Signs of Angina are much like the signs of a heart attack.
- • Pain or pressure, a feeling of tightness or heaviness in the chest, arms, jaw, shoulders, or neck
- • Sweating
- • Shortness of breath
- • Nausea or vomiting
- • Abdominal pain
- • Feeling very tired, dizzy, or faint
- • Some people have no signs
- Angina will often ease when you stop what you are doing and rest. If a doctor has told you that you have
- angina, you may be given medicine to take when you have pain. The medicine is called nitroglycerin.
When to Seek Treatment
Call 911 if you:
- • Are having signs and do not have medicine to treat angina.
- • Have taken medicine, but the signs are not going away or have new signs that you have not had before.
- • Sit or lie down until the emergency team arrives. Do not drive to the hospital or delay by calling your doctor.
You will be tested to see if you have a heart problem. You may be prescribed medicine or
have other procedures to improve blood flow to your heart. Your doctor may also advise you to eat a low fat diet and exercise to improve heart health.
If your doctor prescribes nitroglycerin, use the medicine as directed.
Talk to a doctor about your care or any questions you have.