Angina

Angina is chest pain or pressure caused by decreased blood flow to the heart. Pain may also be felt in the arms, jaw, or upper back.
The pain can be a signal that the heart is not getting enough oxygen. It is a sign of treatment needed to prevent a heart attack.

Angina can happen anytime, but is more common with:
  • • Work, exercise, or activity
  • • Eating a large meal
  • • Smoking or using tobacco
  • • Very hot or cold temperatures
  • • Emotional or stressful events


Symptoms
  • Signs of Angina are much like the signs of a heart attack.
    • • Pain or pressure, a feeling of tightness or heaviness in the chest, arms, jaw, shoulders, or neck
    • • Sweating
    • • Shortness of breath
    • • Nausea or vomiting
    • • Abdominal pain
    • • Feeling very tired, dizzy, or faint
    • • Some people have no signs
    • Angina will often ease when you stop what you are doing and rest. If a doctor has told you that you have
    • angina, you may be given medicine to take when you have pain. The medicine is called nitroglycerin.


    When to Seek Treatment
  • Call 911 if you:
    • • Are having signs and do not have medicine to treat angina.
    • • Have taken medicine, but the signs are not going away or have new signs that you have not had before.
    • • Sit or lie down until the emergency team arrives. Do not drive to the hospital or delay by calling your doctor.


    Care
  • You will be tested to see if you have a heart problem. You may be prescribed medicine or have other procedures to improve blood flow to your heart. Your doctor may also advise you to eat a low fat diet and exercise to improve heart health. If your doctor prescribes nitroglycerin, use the medicine as directed. Talk to a doctor about your care or any questions you have.
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